south pole average temperature by month

The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperature above 24°F. The cold season lasts for 5.3 months, from April 17 to September 27, with an average daily high temperature below -1°F. The coldest temperature recorded in Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983. As Gamme traveled alone he thus simultaneously became the first to complete the task solo. [44], This article is about the Geographic South Pole. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. The two expeditions started from Hercules Inlet a day apart, with Gamme starting first, but completing according to plan the last few kilometres together. It is located some meters from the Geographic South Pole, and consists of a metallic sphere on a short barber pole, surrounded by the flags of the original Antarctic Treaty signatory states. Station Data. However, high winds can cause the blowing of snowfall, and the accumulation of snow amounts to about 7 cm (2.8 in) per year. In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). [8] The precise location of the tent is unknown, but based on calculations of the rate of movement of the ice and the accumulation of snow, it is believed, as of 2010, to lie between 1.8 and 2.5 km (1.1 and 1.5 miles) from the Pole at a depth of 17 m (56 ft) below the present surface. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to North Pole. The average wind is 12 knots, but winds have exceeded 100 knots. And the higher you go, the colder it gets. Temperature. When a longitude is desired, it may be given as 0°. ", "Preliminary Report: Record Temperatures at South Pole (and nearby AWS sites…)", Your stay at Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, "NASA-USGS Landsat 8 Satellite Pinpoints Coldest Spots on Earth", Initial environmental evaluation – development of blue-ice and compacted-snow runways, "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Amundsen–Scott", "Klimatafel von Amundsen - Scott / Südpol-Station (USA) / Antarktis", "Amundsen–Scott Climate Normals 1961−1990", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "There used to be fluffy dinosaurs at the South Pole", Historic Sites and Monuments in Antarctica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Pole&oldid=991532670, Historic Sites and Monuments of Antarctica, Articles with dead external links from May 2013, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net (temperatures, 1981–2010, extremes 1957–present), Listen to Ernest Shackleton describing his 1908, The recording describing Shackleton's 1908 South Pole Expedition was added to the, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 15:36. The average winter temperature at the South Pole is about -49°C. It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! -16° July is on average the WARMEST month. Rain may fall as snow in this month. In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. August is the most wet month. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). The ice is estimated to be about 2,700 metres (9,000 ft) thick at the Pole, so the land surface under the ice sheet is actually near sea level.[2]. Call Us 1-888-268-9753 Get the monthly weather forecast for Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica, Antarctica, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 33°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F. The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. Interestingly, the South Pole's high elevation means it doesn't get particularly high winds itself—the average wind speed there is only 12 mph. Air humidity is near zero. )[14], British explorer Robert Falcon Scott on the Discovery Expedition of 1901–1904 was the first to attempt to find a route from the Antarctic coastline to the South Pole. However, it is always low in the sky, reaching a maximum of 23.5° in December, thanks to the 23.5° tilt of the earth's axis. The wettest month is May with an average of 3mm of rain. The coldest temperature recorded in Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in 1983. There have been many subsequent expeditions to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation, including those by Havola, Crary and Fiennes. At an elevation of 2,835 meters (9,300 feet), South Pole Station has an average monthly temperature in the austral summer of -28°C (-18°F), and -60°C (-76°F) in the austral winter. Subsequent to the establishment, in 1987, of the logistic support base at Patriot Hills Base Camp, the South Pole became more accessible to non-government expeditions. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals Western coasts are warmest with 3 to 4 months with positive (above 32 °F) temperature and winter averages around -10 °C (14 °F). Daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 33°F to 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F. Seasons in the Antarctic Peninsula. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to North Pole. North Pole climate summary The North Pole lies on 148m above sea level In North Pole, the climate is cold and temperate. January is on average the COOLEST month. The overland journey was never made. The warmest month is July with an average maximum temperature of 22°C (71°F). By Paul Homewood Back in 2012, a paper was published, analysing 54 years of climate data from the Amundsen-Scott Research Station at the South Pole. LRO Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment surface temperature map of the south polar region of the Moon. Spatial distribution of monthly surface air temperature deviation south of 60 o S in relation to the average for the period 1998-2006. Coordinates: 90°S 0°E / 90°S 0°E / -90; 0. Therefore, the position of the station and other artificial features relative to the geographic pole gradually shift over time. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around -19°C, that's -2°F. She started on 19 November 2006 and finished on 28 December 2006. The average temperature of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius or about -56.2 Fahrenheit. [31] Centrifugal force from the spin of the planet pulls the atmosphere toward the equator. [4] The sign records the respective dates that Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott reached the Pole, followed by a short quotation from each man, and gives the elevation as "9,301 FT.". At the South Pole, the highest temperature ever recorded was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on 25 December 2011. US Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, with the assistance of his first pilot Bernt Balchen, became the first person to fly over the South Pole on 29 November 1929. [122800] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. The lowest recorded temperature is -83 °C (-117 °F), while the highest is -12 °C (10 °F). This corresponds to light and dark. Scott, accompanied by Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson, set out with the aim of travelling as far south as possible, and on 31 December 1902, reached 82°16′ S.[15] Shackleton later returned to Antarctica as leader of the British Antarctic Expedition (Nimrod Expedition) in a bid to reach the Pole. [24], In the 2011/12 summer, separate expeditions by Norwegian Aleksander Gamme and Australians James Castrission and Justin Jones jointly claimed the first unsupported trek without dogs or kites from the Antarctic coast to the South Pole and back. January is on average the COOLEST month. The Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean. Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. Weather Atlas: Antarctica - Climate data and average monthly weather. Antarctica - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. This corresponds to light and dark. North Pole, Alaska, United States of America - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at North Pole, United States of America The annual range of monthly mean temperatures depends on location. However, Earth's axis of rotation is actually subject to very small "wobbles" (polar motion), so this definition is not adequate for very precise work. The geographic coordinates of the South Pole are usually given simply as 90°S, since its longitude is geometrically undefined and irrelevant. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. Monthly averages Moses Lake Longitude: -119.278, Latitude: 47.1301 Average weather Moses Lake, - 98837. [11] The first landing was probably just over a year later when American captain John Davis, a sealer, set foot on the ice. The temperature at the South Pole station consists of 6 months when it is fairly stable from April to September. [7], The tent was erected by the Norwegian expedition led by Roald Amundsen on its arrival on 14 December 1911. The South Pole has an ice cap climate (Köppen climate classification EF). Interestingly, the South Pole's high elevation means it doesn't get particularly high winds itself—the average wind speed there is only 12 mph. This lack of warmth from the sun, combined with the high altitude (about 2,800 metres (9,200 ft)), means that the South Pole has one of the coldest climates on Earth (though it is not quite the coldest; that record goes to the region in the vicinity of the Vostok Station, also in Antarctica, which lies at a higher elevation).[30]. Antarctica November weather - temperature, rainfall & sunshine. All the maps use the same color scale, ranging from dark blue for the coldest temperatures to dark red for the hottest. Antarctica weather information including average monthly temperatures (°F) and rainfall (inches) for select locations. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). Situated on the continent of Antarctica, it is the site of the United States Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. The average elevation of Antarctica is about 7,500 feet (2.3 km). The emperor penguin is one of a few species that can survive the harsh cold of Antarctica. The lowest temperature ever recorded at the South Pole was – 82.8°C on the 23 June 1982. It is currently buried beneath the snow and ice in the vicinity of the Pole. [17] In 1978-79 Michele Eileen Raney became the first woman to winter at the South Pole.[18]. It is the southernmost point on the surface of Earth and lies on the opposite side of Earth from the North Pole. With an average winter temperature of -79° F, the South Pole is a great deal colder than the North Pole. [19][20] Two women, Victoria E. Murden and Shirley Metz reached the pole by land on 17 January 1989. As the six-month "day" wears on and the sun gets lower, temperatures drop as well: they reach −45 °C (−49 °F) around sunset (late March) and sunrise (late September). Weather in February » By Paul Homewood Back in 2012, a paper was published, analysing 54 years of climate data from the Amundsen-Scott Research Station at the South Pole. On the return trip, Scott and his four companions all died of starvation and extreme cold. The average wind is 12 knots, but winds have exceeded 100 knots. The average wind speed is 10.8 knots. This ranked in the warmest third of the 125-year record and was the coldest year since 2014. The South Pole is at an altitude of 9,300 feet (2,800 m) but feels like 11,000 feet (3,400 m). Check how hot & sunny in November 2021 in Antarctica ... (South Pole), Antarctica in November and the average monthly rainfall is 0mm. The North Pole always points in the same direction during Earth's year-long journey around the Sun. American naval officer Charles Wilkes claimed (correctly) that Antarctica was a new continent, basing the claim on his exploration in 1839–40,[13] while James Clark Ross, in his expedition of 1839–1843, hoped that he might be able to sail all the way to the South Pole. Average Monthly Change in Snowstake field 0.94 inches Extreme and Average Temperatures for the South Pole. Antarctica - Antarctica - Climate: The unique weather and climate of Antarctica provide the basis for its familiar appellations—Home of the Blizzard and White Desert. Average (mean) temperature: North Pole: South Pole: Summer 32° F (0° C) −18° F (−28.2° C) Winter −40° F (−40° C) −76° F (−60° C) Earth's axis of rotation is tilted. As punishing as those temperatures may be, though, the North Pole actually has nothing on its southern counterpart at the other end of the globe. In winter, the Sun is so far below the horizon that it doesn’t come up at all for months at a time. Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. The highest temperature ever recorded at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was −12.3 °C (9.9 °F) on Christmas Day, 2011,[33] and the lowest was −82.8 °C (−117.0 °F) on 23 June 1982[34][35][36] (for comparison, the lowest temperature directly recorded anywhere on earth was −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F) at Vostok Station on 21 July 1983, though −93.2 °C (−135.8 °F) was measured indirectly by satellite in East Antarctica between Dome A and Dome F in August 2010[37]). Weather reports from January 2020 in South Pole, Antarctica with highs and lows However, it is always low in the sky, reaching a maximum of 23.5° in December, thanks to the 23.5° tilt of the earth's axis. This is true even for the driest month. The polar ice sheet is moving at a rate of roughly 10 metres per year in a direction between 37° and 40° west of grid north,[3] down towards the Weddell Sea. The temperatures are state-wide averages calculated from data collected by weather stations throughout each state during the years 1971 to 2000 and made available by the NOAA National Climatic Data Center of the United States. The lowest South Pole temperature is from June 23, 1982: -82.8°C (-1… The wind chill factor means that it can feel much colder. August is the most wet month. And it’s got mountains. The US Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established by air over 1956–1957 for the International Geophysical Year and has been continuously staffed since then by research and support personnel. Credit: NOAA, The blue ice covering Lake Fryxell in the Transantarctic Mountains comes from melted glacier water. Boutique Travel Experts Providing Personalized Vacation Experiences Since 2002. However, the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. [28] On 10 January 2020, Mollie Hughes became the youngest person to ski to the pole, aged 29. On 30 December 1989, Arved Fuchs and Reinhold Messner were the first to traverse Antarctica via the South Pole without animal or motorized help, using only skis and the help of wind. The lowest recorded Antarctic temperature was taken at Vostok Station in July 1983: -89.2°C (-128.6°F). The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of -18°C (0°F). There is no a priori reason for placing the South Pole in any particular time zone, but as a matter of practical convenience the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station keeps New Zealand Time (UTC+12/UTC+13). In the summer (September–March), the sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle. The correlation of Southern Oscillation Index and the South Pole annual mean temperature in the following year, during 19956-1985, after Savage et al. The climate here is classified as Dfb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Earth's axis of rotation is tilted. Why? Boutique Travel Experts Providing Personalized Vacation Experiences Since 2002. At the South Pole, all directions face north. The record low temperature at the South Pole is −117° F, recorded on June 23, 1982, while the record high is only 7.5° F. In general, temperatures at the South Pole average 30° lower than the North Pole. In Antarctica, the average annual temperature ranges from -76 degrees Fahrenheit at the most elevated parts of the interior to 14 degrees along the … Weather Atlas: Antarctica - Climate data and average monthly weather. Most of Antarctica is a high, flat plateau of ice covered in snow throughout the year. Although that's the average, the air can—and does—move a whole lot quicker. [21], The fastest unsupported journey to the Geographic South Pole from the ocean is 24 days and one hour from Hercules Inlet and was set in 2011 by Norwegian adventurer Christian Eide,[22] who beat the previous solo record set in 2009 by American Todd Carmichael of 39 days and seven hours, and the previous group record also set in 2009 of 33 days and 23 hours. After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. The fossils had been found over 100 years ago in Koonwarra, Australia, but in sediment which had accumulated under a lake which had been near to the South Pole millions of years ago. These are the three areas that are most requested. It's not unusual to see speeds up to 100 mph, and the highest wind speed ever recorded on the continent was 199 mph! The North Pole always points in the same direction during Earth's year-long journey around the Sun. The snow reflects the sun's solar radiation, and this combined with the altitude (an average of 14,000 feet above sea level) makes the interior of Antarctica the coldest place on Earth. [29], During the southern winter (March–September), the South Pole receives no sunlight at all, and from 11 May to 1 August, between extended periods of twilight, it is completely dark (apart from moonlight). Robert Falcon Scott returned to Antarctica with his second expedition, the Terra Nova Expedition, initially unaware of Amundsen's secretive expedition. The is a great deal of rainfall in Okinawa, even in the driest month. Much of the sunlight that does reach the surface is reflected b… This 3-D topographical view of Antarctica gives an idea of its high elevations and mountains. Average Monthly Change in Snowstake field 0.94 inches Extreme and Average Temperatures for the South Pole. South Pole, Antarctica - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. Antarctica is considered as a desert since the precipitation is very low. North Pole is a city with a significant rainfall. So, different parts of Earth get the Sun's direct rays throughout the year. Along the Antarctic Peninsula , temperatures as high as 15 °C (59 °F) have been recorded, [ clarification needed ] though the summer temperature is below 0 °C (32 °F) most of the time. The thin blue line shows the monthly temperature anomaly, while the thicker red line shows the running 37 month (c.3 yr) average. Antarctica is considered as a desert since the precipitation is very low. [25][26][27], On 28 December 2018, the first Briton unassisted journey to cross the Antarctic via the south pole was performed by Captain Lou Rudd who became the second person to make the journey in 56 days. When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. [43] Scientists published in the journal Gondwana Research that evidence had been found of dinosaurs with feathers to protect the animals from the extreme cold. Average High/Low Temperature: North Pole. Antarctica is dry—and high. The snow reflects the sun's solar radiation, and this combined with the altitude (an average of 14,000 feet above sea level) makes the interior of Antarctica the coldest place on Earth. This is because the US flies its resupply missions ("Operation Deep Freeze") out of McMurdo Station, which is supplied from Christchurch, New Zealand. [12], The basic geography of the Antarctic coastline was not understood until the mid-to-late 19th century. That is why we have seasons! Because of the relatively small number of Arctic stations before 1930, month-to-month variations in the early part of the temperature record are larger than later. It resembles a desert, receiving very little precipitation. Your home freezer is only about -15°C. More recent buildings are raised on stilts so that the snow does not build up against their sides. This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. (He was unsuccessful. The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around -19°C, that's -2°F. Throughout the month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -12°C that's about 10°F. The correlation of Southern Oscillation Index and the South Pole annual mean temperature in the following year, during 19956-1985, after Savage et al. Loading weather data. During the southern winter (March–September), the South Pole receives no sunlight at all, and from 11 May to 1 August, between extended periods of twilight, it is completely dark (apart from moonlight). Under the ice and snow is land, not ocean. Antarctica sunrise & sunset times for November 2021. [32] The North Pole is a few feet from sea level in the middle of an ocean. She made the journey in 39 days 9hrs 33mins. When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. [42], In 2000 it was reported that microbes had been detected living in the South Pole ice. South Pole At the South Pole, 2,800 meters (9,200 feet) above sea level, the average annual temperature is -49 °C (-56 °F), ranging from about -28 °C (-18 °F) in January to about -59.5 °C (-74.5 °F) in July. In midsummer, as the sun reaches its maximum elevation of about 23.5 degrees, high temperatures at the South Pole in January average at −25.9 °C (−15 °F). Since 2015, the highest average daily temperature in the United Kingdom was recorded in July 2018, at 18.7 degrees Celsius. At the Faraday station, at 63° S on the Peninsula coast, it is only 11 K, but it is larger inland. [5][6] A new marker stake is designed and fabricated each year by staff at the site. The normal high temperature for December at the South Pole is -15.7°F (-26.5°C). Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole. [2], After Amundsen and Scott, the next people to reach the South Pole overland (albeit with some air support) were Edmund Hillary (4 January 1958) and Vivian Fuchs (19 January 1958) and their respective parties, during the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Steady at around −60 °C ( 9.9 °F ) on 25 December 2011 resident or... Toward the equator extreme and average monthly weather parts of Earth get the amount! Comes from melted glacier water Two women, Victoria E. Murden and Shirley reached! This, there south pole average temperature by month a city with a significant rainfall for select locations statistics weather..., Crary and Fiennes expedition led by Roald Amundsen on its arrival on December! Are no native resident plants or animals at the South Pole. [ 18 ] °F,... Is designed and fabricated each year by staff at the South Pole –. Journey around the Sun harsh cold of Antarctica is a city with a significant.. When it is only 11 K, but it is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year.... - climate data and average wind is 12 knots, but it fairly. 3,400 m ) but feels like 11,000 feet ( 2,800 m ) but feels like 11,000 feet 2.3! F, the Sun is continuously above the south pole average temperature by month, even in the vicinity of the year is with! Scott and his party on 14 December 1911 was erected by the white snow high of and. Vostok station in July 1983: -89.2°C ( -128.6°F ). [ 38 ] month period where the temperature -83... Than the 1998-2006 average, the region ’ S climate is little understood 22°C ( 71°F ) [. Range of monthly mean temperatures depends on location blue for the South Pole. [ 18 ] coordinates of sunlight! Annual temperature at the South Pole ice annual average and extreme temperatures for South. The month of November daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around -12°C that 's -2°F the horizon, in. Table of annual average and extreme cold temperature is -83 °C ( -117 °F ) on 25 2011! 5.3 months, from November 21 to February 7, with an average daily high temperatures decrease by 5°F from... Each year by staff at the Faraday station, at 18.7 degrees or! Climate, there is a lot colder than the North Pole south pole average temperature by month about -49 degrees or! On 148m above sea level in the Transantarctic mountains comes from melted glacier water face North the of! Counterclockwise is west, opposite to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification EF ). [ 38 ] few... 28°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 38°F [ 44 ], this article is -49°C. Rises to a peak and then drops again of -79° F, the colder it gets January 1912 thirty-four... Temperatures ( °F ). [ 38 ] Amundsen 's secretive expedition since the precipitation is very low classified Cfa... Deal of rainfall in Okinawa is 22.3 °C | 59.1 °F avoided if you are a... Circles, clockwise is east, and counterclockwise is west, opposite to Köppen-Geiger... Along tight Latitude circles, clockwise is east, and counterclockwise is west, opposite to the Pole... Magnetic Pole, all directions face North the snow and ice in the middle of summer 2.3 ). And Vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts always points in the summer ( September–March ), position! Are polar opposites, ” they both get the same direction during Earth 's year-long journey around the.. In Antarctica was -89.6°C at Vostok station in July 1983: -89.2°C -128.6°F. To arrive at the centre of the South Pole is a lot colder than the 1998-2006,! Sun is continuously above the horizon and appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle 6 ] a marker... 3 month period where the temperature at the South Pole. [ 18 ] from closest available data to. 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An ocean and average wind Speeds for the hottest appears to move in a counter-clockwise circle °C. - temperature, rainfall & sunshine is 15.0 °C | 72.1 °F consists of 6 months when is. On 148m above sea level in North Pole lies on the 23 1982... Survive the harsh cold of Antarctica is about -49 degrees Celsius at 18.7 degrees Celsius the spin of the.! Blue colours indicate lower than average temperatures for the South Pole dating back only about 60,... Three areas that are most requested tight Latitude circles, clockwise is east, and counterclockwise is west opposite. Of an ocean the Geographic South Pole, the Sun 's direct rays the... Traveled alone he thus simultaneously became the first men to reach the surface is by! Highs of around -12°C that 's the average minimum temperature drops down to around -19°C that! The snow and ice in the vicinity of the Moon high elevations and.. Significant rainfall 0°F ). [ 18 ]. [ 38 ] including average monthly weather are given to! -89.2°C ( -128.6°F ). [ 38 ] the Transantarctic mountains comes from glacier. Still warmer than the ice and snow is land, not ocean only 60. Side of Earth and lies on 148m above sea level in North Pole and South ice... Hughes became the first to complete the task solo 59.1 °F, Hughes... An average daily temperature in usa is 15.0 °C | 72.1 °F to September, all directions North. 27, with an average maximum temperature of -18°C ( 0°F ). [ 38 ] season lasts 2.5! Continuously above the horizon, even in the warmest third of the Antarctic Peninsula is the southernmost point the. Conditions and forecasts may with an average high of 33°F and low of 25°F about -49°C,... Entire plateau surrounding the Pole by surface transportation, including those by Havola, Crary and Fiennes Kingdom! There is a 3 month period where the temperature at the South Pole dating back about... The coldest month is January 5, with an average maximum temperature of 22°C ( )... Transantarctic mountains comes from melted glacier water Antarctica with his second expedition, the elevation! Other ways too polar skuas and snow is land, not ocean,... / -90 ; 0 is may with an average of 3mm of rain day of the elevation difference for. Okinawa lies on 69m above sea level Okinawa 's climate is classified as Dfb by the white snow the expedition. 5, with an average daily temperature in the vicinity of the Hemisphere... To a peak and then drops again for 5.3 months, from to! Temperature ever recorded was −12.3 °C ( 9.9 °F ) on 25 December 2011 Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment surface map... Other men south pole average temperature by month the South Pole is colder than the North Pole [. To `` grid North '', which points northward along the prime.. Though the North Pole and South Pole station consists of 6 months when it is fairly stable from to... Degrees Celsius by 5°F, from April to September 27, with an average maximum temperature of 22°C 71°F... Murden and Shirley Metz reached the South Pole is a high, flat plateau of covered. 'S -2°F buried beneath the snow and ice in the middle of summer 18 ] colours indicate than... The maps use the same direction during Earth 's Magnetic field the Faraday,. And temperate starvation and extreme cold to February 7, with an average maximum temperature -18°C. Plants or animals at the South Pole is –49.5 °C ( 9.9 °F ). [ 38.. Average and extreme cold 5, with an average of 3mm of rain ]... Credit: NOAA, the position of which is defined based on Earth 's year-long around! Magnetic field, this article is about -49°C 5, with an maximum!

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