The Bubi are said to have fled to Bioko to escape the Fang, who are believed to have become the dominant ethnic group in the 1600s. So far there are six-lane highways, hotels, an airport, shopping centres and the American University of Central Africa. Retrouvez Equatorial Guinea Historical Facts, Art, Culture, Economy and Resources: Information for Investment and tourism et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Spanish colonial interest centres at first on the healthy and fertile Fernando Po (with its cocoa and coffee plantations), but after decades of neglect the mainland also begins to receive some attention in the 1930s. Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . Several months after independence, relations with Spaindeteriorated rapidly when it was discovered that Equatorial Guinea had almost no foreign currency reserves. Nowadays, Equatorial Guineaball is a fully independent state since 1968. In 1973 he grants himself absolute power, takes control of press and radio, prevents his people from travelling abroad, and - to emphasize the drift of his argument - gives Fernando Po a new name, Macías Nguema. Equatorial Guinea, country located on the west coast of Africa. Though it's not far from the warm waters of the Atlantic, the whitewashed prison at Playa Negra (Black Beach) is one of Africa's most notorious hellholes. Equatorial Guinea Profile ; History ; News and Current Events ; Equatorial Guineans Suffer Under Dictatorship . But the coup attempt failed spectacularly: in March 2004 Mann, du Toit and 60 others were arrested when their Boeing jet landed in Harare, Zimbabwe, on a weapons-gathering stop. . Finally, from the 1850s, they begin to establish a Spanish presence in their African colony. The History of Equatorial Guinea is marked by centuries of colonial domination by the Portuguese and Spanish colonial empires, and by the local kingdoms. Its straight-line borders were established during the late-19th-century 'Scramble for Africa' and it is the only Spanish-speaking country in Africa. It shares its border with the Gulf of Guinea in the west, Cameroon in the north, and Gabon in the east and south. Retrouvez Equatorial Guinea Political History and Governance, The Hidden History: Political Dominance and Corruption et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. © 2020 Lonely Planet. From 1827 to 1844, Britain administered Fernando Po, but it was then reclaimed by Spain. History . Equatorial Guinea Signs First And Historic Mining Contracts. Equatorial Guinea Political History, and Governance, the Hidden History., Anthony Willson, Lulu.com. On October 12, 1968, Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spain. Noté /5. The country has had its share of political strife and although the past was turbulent, its culture and heritage is well preserved. It's here that South African mercenary Nick du Toit and fellow coup plotter Simon Mann were locked up for their roles in a 2004 attempted coup, an operation that aimed to overthrow President Obiang and install exiled opposition leader Severo Moro in his place. Authorities in Equatorial Guinea must halt decades of human rights violations and abuses including torture, arbitrary detentions and unlawful killings, Amnesty International said today, 40 years after President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo seized power. Río Muni, the mainland, was not … History . Bantu tribes, including the Bubi, came to the mainland in the 12th century from other parts of West and Central Africa. Noté /5. Enjoy the Famous Daily, A large island off the Guinea coast (the site today of Malabo, capital of Equatorial Guinea) becomes known in history as Fernando Po - because it is first reached, in about 1472, by the Portuguese navigator Fernão do Pó. The pygmies, or small people, were the first known inhabitants of Equatorial Guinea before Bioko Island was discovered by Portuguese explorer Fernando Po in 1671. It has territory on the island as well as on the continent. Months later, relations with Spain deteriorated rapidly and Nguema's 10-year dictatorship began. Equatorial Guinea - Equatorial Guinea - Religion: While the vast majority of Equatorial Guineans are nominally Roman Catholic, the Bubi and mainlanders often retain traditional forms of worship. Equatorial Guinea attained independence in October 1968 under the presidency of Macías Nguema. Equatorial Guineaball was an 8ball that evolved in a Bantuball and later discovered/adopted/colonized by Portugalball and Spainball there after. The island and the neighbouring coast are mainly visited by Portuguese traders, giving Portugal certain rights in the area (rights recognized at any rate by Catholic Europe, since the pope has granted Africa to Portugal in the. Scooped by jacob hoke onto Guinea Ecuatorial, Jacob Hoke: Scoop.it! Thousands of people were tortured and publicly executed or beaten to death in the forced-labour camps of the mainland. H.R. By … Perhaps hoping to avoid further coup attempts, the president commissioned the building of Oyala, a new capital deep in the central jungle, in 2011. Due to the influence of Spanish culture and art, a large number of authors from Equatorial Guineawrite in Spanish. Equatorial Guinea and China share similar setbacks in history, said Obiang, adding that at a time when the international community is facing major challenges, the two countries uphold a common position to safeguard the principles of multilateralism, dialogue and consultation, as well as non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs, and to safeguard common interests. Five Mining contracts were signed with three different companies and follow the conclusion of … Bioko subsequently became an important base for slave-trading in the early 19th century and was later a naval base for England, which by then was trying to stop the slave trade. The Spaniards and Portuguese were some of the earliest colonizers in the world. I can unsubscribe any time using the unsubscribe link at the end of all emails. The United States recognized the independence of Equatorial Guinea when U.S. President Lyndon Johnson appointed Albert W. Sherer, Ambassador to Togo, to also act as Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea on October 28, 1968. With the area about 28,000 sq. visit http://guineecuatorial.net/ for more video about equatorial guinea President Obiang remains in power for the rest of the century and achieves a human rights record little better than that of his uncle. Before the Berlin Conference, which ushered in the ‘scramble for Africa’, Spaniards and Portuguese had already established tiny footholds in several parts of Africa. From 1879 Fernando Po is used as a penal settlement for troublemakers deported from Cuba. Equatorial Guinea Political History and Governance, "The Hidden History". Oil rights were promised to the coup's financiers and plotters, among them Mark Thatcher, the son of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher. Equatorial Guinea is officially called the Republic of Guinea. A Short History of Equatorial Guinea. Guinea Ecuatorial, Jacob Hoke. Equatorial Guinea has a long history as a Portuguese colony. It will house 200,000 people and is expected to be finished in 2020. The country is composed of a continental part, called Rio Muni, an island, called Bioko, and a smaller island, called Annobón. By the time Nguema's regime was finally toppled in 1979, only a third of the 300,000 Guineans who lived there at the time of independence remained. It was formed from a former Spanish colony. Discover in a free daily email today's famoushistory and birthdays Throughout much of the 1990s, Equatorial Guinea was considered to be a poor country with little prospects of economic growth. In August 1979 Nguema was overthrown by his nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema, who then ordered his uncle's execution. Equatorial Guinea attained independence in October 1968 under the presidency of Macías Nguema. Months later, relations with Spain deteriorated rapidly and Nguema's 10-year dictatorship began. 842 views | +0 today. Guinea-Bissau (/ ˌ ɡ ɪ n i b ɪ ˈ s aʊ / ... Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Under the regime of Francisco Macías Nguema, most churches were closed by presidential order in 1975, … The first president is Francisco Macías Nguema, who soon makes it clear that he intends his rule to be absolute, long-lasting and unforgettable. President Obiang released Mann, du Toit and other accused prisoners in early 2009, citing good behaviour. Europeans made their first contact on the distant island of Annobón, which was visited by the Portuguese in 1470. Thousands of people … It consists of Río Muni (also known as Continental Equatorial Guinea), on the continent, and five islands (known collectively as insular Equatorial Guinea): Bioko (formerly Fernando Po), Corisco, Great Elobey (Elobey Grande), Little Elobey (Elobey Chico), and Annobón (Pagalu). Much of the violence was tribally motivated – the Bubis were particularly sought. SVG information Le code de ce fichier SVG est Ce drapeau a été créé avec un éditeur de texte. In the first half of the 19th century they lease harbours in Fernando Po to the British (for their campaign to suppress the slave trade). Follow No tag on any scoop yet. From the outset, President Francisco Macías Nguema, considered the father of independence, began a brutal reign, destroying the economy of the fledgling country and abusing human rights. I want emails from Lonely Planet with travel and product information, promotions, advertisements, third-party offers, and surveys. Equatorial Guinea - Economy History Equatorial Guinea, formerly known as Spanish Guinea, is composed of the territories of Fernando Poo and Rio Muni on … Much of the violence was tribally motivated – the Bubis were particularly sought. United States Recognition of Equatorial Guinea, 1968. Equatorial Guinea - History. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a small nation on the west coast of Africa. 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