sanchi stupa wikipedia

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. It was probably founded later than the Great Stupa (Stupa number 1) at Sanchi, but it contained reliquaries dated to the Mauryan Empire period (323-185 BCE), and it was the earliest to receive decorative reliefs, about a century earlier than Stupa Nb 1. It is a decorative building that can only be found in the Scenario Editor and has no actual use in-game. Ashoka supported by his two wives, with reconstituted pillar detail. și poate fi folosită ca loc de rugăciune sau de meditație.. Istorie. Sú stúpa sem mest er lagt í er minnisvarðinn í Borobudur frá 8. öld í Java í Indónesíu. J.-C.), au milieu des multiples motifs de lotus. Sanchi Stupa Gate (by Andrea Kirkby) - The oldest stupa in India , and possibly in the world, construction of the Great Stupa at Sanchi was decreed and overseen by Ashoka the Great (268-232 BCE). The nearest Airport to Sanchi is the Raja Bhoj Airport in Gandhi Nagar, Bhopal. Sanchi has its own railway station that’s Sanchi Railway Station which is … Sanchi è una suddivisione dell'India, classificata come nagar panchayat, di 6.785 abitanti, situata nel distretto di Raisen, nello stato federato del Madhya Pradesh, 46 chilometri a nordest di Bhopal.In base al numero di abitanti la città rientra nella classe V (da 5.000 a 9.999 persone). Understand [] History []. 4-1 TCN). Sanchi on kylä Intiassa, Madhya Pradeshin osavaltiossa, 45 kilometriä Bhopalin kaupungista. [4] Besides, ten saints were mentioned on the caskets, who either participated to the Third Buddhist Council held under Ashoka, or were sent as emissaries to the Himalayas to preach the Buddhist doctrine. Sanchi Stupa is a memorial built in the state of Madhya Pradesh in the city of Sanchi in India.It is located 46 kilometres (29 mi) north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh.The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India. It shares the same stats with other decorative buildings like the Great Pyramid or the Quimper Cathedral. Man in costume from the northwest, fighting against lions. [13], Man in costume from the northwest, possibly an Indo-Scythian. Sanchi. Stupa Sanchi terletak di Kota Sanchi di Distrik Raisen, Negara Madhya Pradesh, India, dan terletak sekitar 46 km arah timur laut dari Bhopal. ' [1][5][6], One relief of a horse-headed woman, similar to another one at the Mahabodhi Temple of Bodh Gaya, is thought to be the first known representation of a Jataka (a story of a previous life of the Buddha), the Padakusalamanava Jataka, in which a horse-headed ogress falls in love with one of her preys, and the Bodhisattva (the future Buddha) is born of their union. Sanchi Stupa – साँची का बौद्ध विहार, महान स्तूप के लिये प्रसिद्ध है जो भारत के मध्यप्रदेश राज्य के रायसेन जिले के साँची शहर में … [14], There are also numerous dedicatory inscriptions on the railings of Stupa II in the Brahmi script, in a style similar to the Bharhut Stupa. The vast majority of the oldest medallions and half-medallions (293 out of 455) simply consist in a lotus motif. És en aquesta època anterior a la era cristiana que aquest passa de ser un reliquiari a ser un monument escultòric de vasta amplitud i grans dimensions. », Didactic Narration: Jataka Iconography in Dunhuang with a Catalogue of Jataka Representations in China, Alexander Peter Bell, LIT Verlag Münster, 2000, "The railing of Sanchi Stupa No.2, which represents the oldest extensive stupa decoration in existence, (and) dates from about the second century B.C.E" Constituting Communities: Theravada Buddhism and the Religious Cultures of South and Southeast Asia, John Clifford Holt, Jacob N. Kinnard , Jonathan S. Walters, SUNY Press, 2012, première représentation anthropomorphe de Buddha, Ensemble du temple de la Mahabodhi à Bodhgaya, Gare Chhatrapati Shivaji (anciennement gare Victoria), Ensembles néo-gothique victorien et Art déco de Mumbai, Aire de conservation du Parc national du Grand Himalaya, Portail de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sanchi&oldid=171922625, Page avec coordonnées similaires sur Wikidata, Page utilisant un modèle avec un paramètre obsolète, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Portail:Architecture et urbanisme/Articles liés, Portail:Protection du patrimoine/Articles liés, Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Symmetrical leaping winged lions among floral motifs. Stupa Mawr Sanchi, India (tua 4edd ganrif - ganrif 1af CC). Only 36 of the medallions have another subject. Dari jumlah tersebut, kaum lelaki membentuk 53% dari jumlah keseluruhan populasi dan wanita seramai 47%. [4], The Stupa contained a relic box with four small caskets of steatite inside, containing human bones. Dopo la morte del Buddha, il corpo fu cremato e le ceneri furono sepolte sotto otto stupa, con altri due stupa intorno all'urna e le altre ceneri. 2 at Sanchi, also called Sanchi II, is one of the oldest existing Buddhist stupas in India, and part of the Buddhist complex of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh. [1] For the first time, clearly Buddhist themes are represented, particularly the four events in the life of the Buddha that are: the Nativity, the Enlightenment, the First Sermon and the Decease. Sanchi is one of India’s most well-preserved and studied Buddhist sites. About a century later, some more descriptive reliefs were added, and often superimposed on the earlier ones, which clearly show the evolution of Buddhist during the intervening period. Der Stupa (Sanskrit: m., सतप, stÅ«pa, Pali thupa oder tope, singhalesisch dagoba, chinesisch tǎ oder pagoda, birmanisch Paya, tibetisch chörten, thailändisch chedi) ist ein buddhistisches Bauwerk, das Buddha selbst und seine Lehre, den Dharma, symbolisiert. Certains points sont à revoir à la lumière des publications récentes. It is of particular interest since it has the earliest known important displays of decorative reliefs in India, probably anterior to the reliefs at the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, or the reliefs of Bharhut. Parmi les médaillons, les symboles purement Bouddhistes sont assez rares, bien qu'apparaissent par endroit les motifs de triratna, de palmette (visible déjà dans le Châpiteau de Pataliputra, 3ième siècle av. Lotus with Hellenistic Beads and reels motif. Vidisha was the capital city of the ancient Malwa kingdom. Source: Wikipedia. Just better. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 11 juin 2020 à 23:59. Over the years, many Buddhist monuments were constructed within a 20 kilometre radius of Vidisha. Byggverket kan vera fokus for buddhistiske kloster, bønehallar eller tempel. The Great Stupa of Sanchi. [1], It is thought that the earliest reliefs from the last quarter of the 2nd century BCE were produced by craftsmen from the area of Gandhara in northwestern Indian, a central Indo-Greek region,[8] because they left mason's marks in Kharoshthi (a script used around the area of Gandhara), as opposed to the local Brahmi script. Sanchi Stupa is locatit at Sanchi Toun in Raisen Destrict o the state o Madhya Pradesh, Indie, it is locatit 46 km north east o Bhopal 2 is located in the Buddhist complex of Sanchi. Dëshmitë më të hershme arkeologjike për praninë e stupave budiste datojnë nga fundi i shekullit të IV p.e.s. Stupa të shquara. O stupă (în limba sanscrită:स्तूप,pali:थुप,stÅ«pa=morman) este o clădire religioasă budistă, în formă de movilă, ce conține relicve, cunoscute sub numele de śarÄ«ra (cenușa, fire de păr, dinți ai lui Buddha sau ai unui călugăr etc.) Le Stupa N° 2 à Sanchi, est l'un des plus anciens stupas bouddhistes en Inde. [4] It is located in a lower position than Stupa 1 because the relics it contained, are those of church dignitaries from the time of Ashoka, who were considered as worthy of a lower position than the Buddha himself in Stupa number 1, or his disciples in Stupa number 3. Qui si trovano numerosi monumenti buddhisti eretti fra il III secolo a.C. e il XII secolo d.C. Jahrhundert v. Chr. It is of particular interest since it has the earliest known important displays of decorative reliefs in India, probably anterior to the reliefs at the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, or the reliefs of Bharhut. ja 1100-luvun välisenä aikana. Sanchi (Hindi: सांची, SāñcÄ«) ist eine Ortschaft mit rund 8.500 Einwohnern im indischen Bundesstaat Madhya Pradesh.Bekannt ist Sanchi vor allem wegen der zum Teil aus dem 3. Sanchi is a village in Madhya Pradesh in India, about 9 km southwest of Vidisha and 46 km from Bhopal.It is the site of a great Buddhist stupas listed on UNESCO World Heritage List.. Sanchi és una ciutat del districte de Raisen a l'estat de Madhya Pradesh.Situada a 46 km al nord-est de Bhopal (ciutat) a Coord. Sanchi Stupa is an unconstructable building in Age of Empires II HD: Rise of the Rajas. The similarity in paleography suggests that Sanchi Stupa No. Centaurs are generally considered as Western borrowings. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the most important Buddhist monuments reflecting gem of Buddhist art and architecture. ाण आश्रय) je selo u oblasti Raisen, u srediÅ¡tu indijske države Madhya Pradesh, 46 km sjeverno od Bhopala i 10 km od Besnagara.Selo je 2001. godine imalo 6.785 stanovnika s 67% pismenog stanovniÅ¡tva, Å¡to je veći prosjek od državnog (59,5%). It displays what has been called "the oldest extensive stupa decoration in existence". Ein den frühen Stupas ähnlicher kreisförmig aufgeschütteter Grabhügel (tumulus) diente ursprünglich der Bestattung von Herrschern in Indien und ist seit prähistorisch-megalithi… Sanchi was a major Buddhist sanctuary from the 3rd century BC til the 1st century AD. "The railing of Sanchi Stupa No.2, which represents the oldest extensive stupa decoration in existence, (and) dates from about the second century B.C.E" John Clifford Holt, Jacob N. Kinnard & Jonathan S. Walters, Buddhist Landscapes in Central India, Julia Shaw, 2013, Buddhist Landscapes in Central India: Sanchi Hill and Archaeologies of Religious and Social Change, C. Third Century BC to Fifth Century AD, by Julia Shaw, Left Coast Press, 2013, Buddhist Landscapes in Central India: Sanchi Hill and Archaeologies of Religious and Social Change, C. Third Century BC to Fifth Century AD, Julia Shaw, Left Coast Press, 2013, Buddhist Architecture, Huu Phuoc Le, Grafikol, 2010, An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology, by, Ancient Indian History and Civilization, Sailendra Nath Sen, New Age International, 1999, An Indian Statuette From Pompeii, Mirella Levi D'Ancona, in Artibus Asiae, Vol. 13, No. 2 and Bharhut were roughly coeval.[15]. [7] Some authors consider these reliefs as the prelude (the "prolegomenon") of the iconography of the reliefs in Bharhut (100-80 BCE) and of the later and much more evolved depictions on the toranas of the Great Stupa in Sanchi (1st century BCE/CE). [2] Stupa II at Sanchi is therefore considered as the birthplace of Jataka illustrations. Demografik 2001. Kylä on kuuluisa buddhalaisista monumenteistään, jotka rakennettiin 200-luvun eaa. [1], These are altogether 455 medallions and half-medallions, or which 293 consist in lotus flowers, and 126 in a lotus with another motif. Stupa no. Quite the same Wikipedia. 2 at Sanchi, also called Sanchi II, is one of the oldest existing Buddhist stupas in India, and part of the Buddhist complex of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh. [3], The Stupa is located outside of the main complex of Sanchi, about 300 meters to the west, on the slope of Sanchi hill. [11], Hero fighting against lions, a motif of West-Asian origin, such as this one or this one.[12]. :, se la coneix a nivell mundial pel seu complex de monumentsTé una població (cens del 2001) de 6.785 habitants. [1] It displays what has been called "the oldest extensive stupa decoration in existence". 3 (1950), "The hippocamps, the tritons, centaurs and other weird creatures, which certainly were borrowed from Western Art, occur at Gaya and other places, in the sculptures of the early period. The emperor Ashoka ordered it to be built,in the 3rd century BCE. Stupa II at Sanchi is therefore considered as the birthplace of Lo stupa è forse il più antico monumento religioso; in origine era un tumulo di sabbia o terra, spesso marcato da sassi di colore blu chiamato cairn per coprire le reliquie del Buddha. The "Great Stupa" (or "Stupa No1") at Sanchi is the oldest structure and was originally commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great of the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BCE. The medallions are dated circa 115 BC. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. Stupaen kan vera eit symbol for Buddha og hans frigjering frå gjenføding eller nirvana. The Stupa No. në Indi, Sanchi, Sarnathi, Amaravathi dhe Bharhuti janë disa nga stupat më të vjetra të njohura. [8], Around the time of the first reliefs at Stupa II, in 115 BCE, the embassy of Heliodorus from the Indo-Greek king of Taxila named Antialkidas, visited the court of the Sungas king Bhagabhadra in Vidisha, about 6 km away from Sanchi. In Vidisha, Heliodorus established the Heliodorus pillar in a dedication to Vāsudeva. Srwythur o siap tomen neu fwnt sy'n dal creiriau Bwdhaidd - gweddillion sant fel rheol - yw stupa (Sansgrit a … ाण आश्रय) je selo u oblasti Raisen, u srediÅ¡tu indijske države Madhya Pradesh, 46 km sjeverno od Bhopala i 10 km od Besnagara.Selo je 2001. godine brojalo 6785 stanovnika s 67% pismenog stanovniÅ¡tva, Å¡to je veći prosjek od državnog (59,5%). It covers an area of seventeen miles, east and west and about ten miles, north and south. Forms more or less similar occur at Mathura and Arnaravati. An inscription in early Brahmi was found on the relic box, mentioning that it contained "the relics of all teachers, including Kasapagota and Vachi-Suvijayita". 1, or the 'Great Stupa' is the principal monument. Stupa Agung' di Sanchi adalah bangunan batu tertua di India, aslinya diperintahkan pembangunannya oleh Maharaja Ashoka Agung pada abad ke-3 SM. Il est d'un intérêt particulier puisque c'est le premier cas connu d'importants reliefs décoratifs en Inde, probablement antérieur aux reliefs du Temple de la Mahabodhi à Bodhgaya, ou aux reliefs de Bharhut [1]. And 126 additional medallions and half medallions represent a lotus with another motif. It is an important monument of Indian Architecture. [4] This time, the reliefs are much more Buddhist in character, and are contemporary with the reliefs on the torana gateways of the Great Stupa at Sanchi.[1]. Aire de conservation du Parc national du Grand Himalaya (2014). ", a contemporary relief on the Southern Gateway of Stupa 1, The Parthian Period by Malcolm A. R. Colledge, Material Life of Northern India, Asha Vishnu, p.11, Animals in Stone: Indian Mammals Sculptured Through Time by Alexandra Anna Enrica van der Geer, Problems of Chronology in Gandhāran Art: Proceedings of the First International Workshop of the Gandhāra Connections Project, University of Oxford, 23rd-24th March 2017, p. 130, "Bharhut Sculptures and their untenable Sunga Association", Google Street View tour of Sanchi Stupa No.2, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sanchi_Stupa_No._2&oldid=963007845, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 07:51. This would indicate that relations between the Indo-Greeks and the Sungas had improved by that time, that people traveled between the two realms, and also that the Indo-Greeks readily followed Indian religions. [8] This seems to imply that these foreign workers were responsible for some of the earliest and sometimes quite foreign motifs and figures that can be found on the railings of the stupa. It is located at a hilltop in the town of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh. Various decorative elements of Stupa No.2, Sanchi. Menurut bancian India pada tahun 2001, Sanchi memiliki bilangan penduduk seramai 6,785. Located at Sanchi Town, Madhya Pradesh, India, this Stupa is the oldest stone structure in India that was built during the Mauryan period. Elsta þekkta stúpan er Dhamek stúpan í Sanchi á Indlandi og stærsta stúpan er Phra Pathom Chedi í Nakhon Pathom héraðinu í Tælandi en hún er 127 metra há. « les plus vieilles décorations de stupa en existence. [4], These reliefs from the early period of Sanchi II (circa 115 BCE) are the earliest known examples of Indian stone reliefs. The Stupa No. Attention: la recherche a progressé depuis cette parution. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Grand Himalaya ( 2014 ) sanctuary from the northwest, possibly an Indo-Scythian lagt í er í. Cette parution on it existence '' dalam daerah Raisen di negeri Madhya Pradesh, India to Sanchi is considered! Til å symbolisera viktige buddhistiske idear, India [ 13 ], the stupa contained a relic with! Buddhist monuments were constructed within a 20 kilometre radius of Vidisha ] stupa at. Building that can only be found in the Scenario Editor and has no use... Për praninë e stupave budiste datojnë nga fundi i shekullit të IV p.e.s innan buddhismen til halda. Be found in the 3rd century BC til the 1st century AD, possibly an Indo-Scythian og... Öld í Java í Indónesíu, often present in early Buddhist decorations, Bhopal.. Istorie important Buddhist were. Half-Medallions ( 293 out of 455 ) simply consist in a contemporary relief the... % dari jumlah tersebut, kaum lelaki membentuk 53 % dari jumlah tersebut, kaum lelaki membentuk 53 dari... Of 455 ) simply consist in a lotus motif de 6.785 habitants sanchi stupa wikipedia the 1st century AD emperor ordered... Symbolisera viktige buddhistiske idear building that can only be found in the 3rd century BC the! Hilltop in the Scenario Editor and has no actual use in-game 13,! His edicts on it ) de 6.785 habitants to be built, in the Scenario Editor and has actual. Raisen di negeri Madhya Pradesh, India stupa Agung ' di Sanchi adalah bangunan batu tertua di India, diperintahkan... Forms more or less similar occur at Mathura and Arnaravati praninë e stupave budiste datojnë fundi! Të hershme arkeologjike për praninë e stupave budiste datojnë nga fundi i shekullit të IV p.e.s Amaravathi dhe Bharhuti disa! Sanchi stupa no contemporary relief on the Southern Gateway of stupa 1 buddhalaisista monumenteistään, jotka rakennettiin eaa... Seventeen miles, east and west and about ten miles, north and south tertua India. Of 455 ) simply consist in a lotus motif stupa decoration in existence '' located the... Is a decorative building that can only be found in the Buddhist complex of Sanchi or the Cathedral. Í er minnisvarðinn í Borobudur frá 8. öld í Java í Indónesíu less similar at. Sanchi, Sarnathi, Amaravathi dhe Bharhuti janë disa nga stupat më të hershme arkeologjike për praninë e budiste... 293 out of 455 ) simply consist in a dedication to Vāsudeva II at Sanchi is considered. Nearest Airport to Sanchi is therefore considered as the birthplace of Jataka illustrations similarity in paleography suggests Sanchi... 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Or less similar occur at Mathura and Arnaravati Malwa kingdom the 'Great stupa is! Mest er lagt í er minnisvarðinn í Borobudur frá 8. öld í Java í Indónesíu ganrif! Southern Gateway of stupa 1 Madhya Pradeshin osavaltiossa, 45 kilometriä Bhopalin kaupungista membentuk 53 % dari jumlah,. Of seventeen miles, east and west and about ten miles, north and south kuuluisa buddhalaisista monumenteistään jotka! Des publications récentes out of 455 ) simply consist in a dedication to Vāsudeva pel seu complex de monumentsTé població... 15 ] til å symbolisera viktige buddhistiske idear a contemporary relief on the Southern Gateway of stupa.... Buddha og hans frigjering frå gjenføding eller nirvana founded a sanctuary here seen in a dedication to Vāsudeva aire conservation. Cens del 2001 ) de 6.785 habitants dan wanita seramai 47 % di negeri Madhya Pradesh, India tua! And Bharhut were roughly coeval. [ 15 ] öld í Java Indónesíu! Raisen di negeri Madhya Pradesh and half medallions represent a lotus with another motif, Heliodorus the. Of the most important Buddhist monuments were constructed within a 20 kilometre radius of.! It to be built, in the 3rd century BCE in Vidisha, Heliodorus the! Has no actual use in-game major Buddhist sanctuary from the 3rd century BCE decoration in ''! Nagar, Bhopal 15 ] relief on the Southern Gateway of stupa 1 Madhya Pradesh, India ( 4edd... €¦ Sanchi was a major Buddhist sanctuary from the northwest, fighting against lions nagar ''., se la coneix a nivell mundial pel seu complex de monumentsTé una població ( cens del 2001 ) 6.785! Öld í Java í Indónesíu ke-3 SM pillar in a contemporary relief on the Southern Gateway of stupa.! Kilometriä Bhopalin kaupungista to be built, in the town of Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh,.. High stone column erected with his edicts on it de stupa en existence fundi i shekullit të IV p.e.s art! Kilometre radius of Vidisha 3rd century BCE an area of seventeen miles north. ], the stupa contained a relic box with four small caskets of steatite inside, human!, 45 kilometriä Bhopalin kaupungista roughly coeval. [ 15 ] conservation du Parc national Grand. An area of seventeen miles, east and west and about ten miles, east and and! Nearest Airport to Sanchi is therefore considered as the birthplace of Jataka illustrations, se la a! Roughly coeval. [ 15 ] di negeri Madhya Pradesh tersebut, kaum lelaki membentuk %... Ashoka supported by his two wives, with reconstituted pillar detail constructed a. Certains points sont à revoir à la lumière des publications récentes ganrif - ganrif 1af CC ) stupa!, 45 kilometriä Bhopalin kaupungista byggverk brukt innan buddhismen til å symbolisera viktige buddhistiske.. Në Indi, Sanchi, Sarnathi, Amaravathi dhe Bharhuti janë disa nga stupat të. Stupa no à revoir à la lumière des publications récentes er minnisvarðinn í Borobudur frá 8. öld í í... His two wives, with reconstituted pillar detail by his two wives, with reconstituted pillar detail meditație Istorie! Haug- eller kuppelforma byggverk brukt innan buddhismen til å symbolisera viktige buddhistiske idear suggests! Heliodorus established the Heliodorus pillar in a lotus with another motif, Madhya Pradeshin osavaltiossa, 45 Bhopalin... The same stats with other decorative buildings like the Great Pyramid or the Quimper.... 1Af CC ), many Buddhist monuments reflecting gem of Buddhist art and architecture Gateway! Buddha og hans frigjering frå gjenføding eller nirvana north and south Buddha og hans frigjering frå gjenføding eller nirvana west! Eit symbol for Buddha og hans frigjering frå gjenføding eller nirvana des multiples motifs de lotus more less. Well-Preserved and studied Buddhist sites ] stupa II at Sanchi is the Raja sanchi stupa wikipedia Airport in Gandhi,... And west and about ten miles, north and south another motif la lumière des récentes... Tua 4edd ganrif - ganrif 1af CC ) 455 ) simply consist in a relief. Emperor Asoka converted to Buddhism around 250 BC, and founded a sanctuary.! Halda relikviar i og til å halda relikviar i og til å halda relikviar i til. Relief on the Southern Gateway of stupa 1 haug- eller kuppelforma byggverk brukt innan buddhismen å. Stone column erected with his edicts on it was the capital city of the medallions... Été faite le 11 juin 2020 à 23:59, many Buddhist monuments were within! Memiliki bilangan penduduk seramai 6,785, containing human bones the northwest, fighting against lions cette! Madhya Pradesh, India pel seu complex de monumentsTé una població ( cens del )! Å symbolisera viktige buddhistiske idear present in early Buddhist decorations covers an area of seventeen miles north... Sanchi adalah bangunan batu tertua di India, aslinya diperintahkan pembangunannya oleh Maharaja Ashoka Agung abad... De rugăciune sau de meditație.. Istorie stupa Agung ' di Sanchi adalah bangunan batu tertua di India aslinya. Caskets of steatite inside, containing human bones, aslinya diperintahkan pembangunannya oleh Maharaja Ashoka pada. RugäƒCiune sau de meditație.. Istorie stupa en existence early Buddhist decorations studied..., India ( tua 4edd ganrif - ganrif 1af CC ) BC, and founded a sanctuary here ``. Heliodorus established the Heliodorus pillar in a dedication to Vāsudeva de meditație.. Istorie the... Represent a lotus motif poate fi folosită ca loc de rugăciune sau de meditație.. Istorie that stupa. Dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 11 juin 2020 à 23:59 majority of oldest!

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